Google Doodle honours Nobel Prize victor Har Gobind Khorana

Dr. Khorana is also credited for the construction of the first artificial gene in 1972

The internet search engine and technology giant Google marks Noble prize victor Indian American scientist Har Gobind Khorana's 96th birth anniversary with a sketch doodle.

While Khorana was known as a modest and down to earth man despite his accomplishments, he also used to say, "I only work on big problems". His father instilled the importance of learning by helping his children to read and write, which wasn't common for villagers at the time.

After completing a year of research on nucleic acids and proteins, while he was working under Professor Vladimir Prelog in Zurich, Switzerland, Khorana moved to Canada in 1952 where he worked at the University of British Columbia. "These amino acids form proteins, which carry out essential cell functions". The India-born scientist also constructed the world's first synthetic gene.

In 1966, Gobind Khorana became a naturalized citizen of the United States, subsequently, he received the National Medal of Science. "In the 1980s Khorana synthesized the gene for rhodopsin, a protein involved in vision".


Remembering him, Banerjee tweeted: "Remembering Nobel laureate scientist Har Gobind Khorana on his birth anniversary".

Khorana would have been 96 years old on Tuesday, January 9. They had three children - Julia Elizabeth, Emily Anne, and Dave Roy.

Khorana died November 9, 2011, in MA at the age of 89. He joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1970, where he would remain until his retirement in 2007. He finished his Masters in Chemistry from Punjab University, Lahore in the year 1945. "He went to the University of Liverpool where he obtained his doctorate". Roger J.S. Beer supervised his research, and, in addition, looked after him diligently.

When Khorana grew up and attended college in the U.S., he was able to gain scholarships and obtain a doctorate in organic chemistry by 1948, when he was 26 years old.

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