China tem responsabilidade por morte prematura de dissidente, diz Nobel

Bobby Yip  REUTERS

Liu sofria ainda de insuficiência renal, de acordo com o hospital, que a 8 de junho, declarou que o doente não podia ser transferido para o estrangeiro, contrariando a vontade de Liu Xiaobo de ser tratado fora da China.

O governo chinês tem "grande responsabilidade" pela morte "prematura" do dissidente, acusou o líder da Comissão do Nobel da Paz, Berit Reiss-Andersen. Pequim continua agora sobre pressão para libertar a mulher do dissidente, a poeta Liu Xia, que está a viver em prisão domiciliária desde a atribuição do prémio ao marido, sem nunca ter sido formalmente acusada ou julgada por qualquer crime.

Liu Xiaobo, morreu ontem vítima de canco do fígado, num hospital chinês depois de ter cumprido quase sete dos onze anos a que foi condenado em 2009 por subversão.

Liu Xiaobo "também mostra o seu lado mais sensível e delicado, enquanto escritor, com um surpreendente conjunto de poemas, que mais não são do que um retrato vivo do que é o passado, presente e futuro desta cultura milenar", acrescentou a Casa das Letras.

Recorda igualmente que o dissidente recebeu inúmeros prémios internacionais, além do prémio Nobel da Paz e incluindo o atribuído pela HRW, o Alison Des Forges por Extraordinário Ativismo, "pelo seu compromisso destemido com a liberdade de expressão e de reunião na China".

Liu Xiaobo foi o segundo Nobel da Paz a morrer na prisão.

Perguntado sobre a declaração da Alemanha, o Ministério das Relações Exteriores disse na terça-feira que não sabia nada sobre as questões levantadas, reiterando a posição de que os países não deveriam interferir nos assuntos internos da China.

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"Consideramos profundamente perturbador que Liu Xiaobo não tenha sido transferido para instalações onde pudesse receber tratamento médico adequado antes de a doença entrar na fase terminal", diz um comunicado divulgado na página na internet do Nobel.

Liu era chamado de criminoso e traidor por autoridades e nacionalistas da China, e era celebrado no Ocidente.

Entretanto, seus amigos confirmaram que a família de Liu conseguiu visitá-lo.

Entretanto, a notícia da morte de Liu Xiaobo está a ser censurada na China continental, com correspondentes de jornais estrangeiros em Pequim a dizerem que os media locais não escreveram nada sobre o assunto aparte escassos e curtos artigos em inglês.

Tsai Ing-wen, Presidente de Taiwan, disse na sua página de Facebook que tem esperança de que, agora, a China possa promover uma reforma polícia: "Apenas através da democracia, na qual todos os chineses têm liberdade e respeito, pode a China tornar-se um país verdadeiramente orgulhoso e importante".

Em Julho de 2015, mais de 200 advogados e defensores dos direitos humanos foram interpelados pela polícia.

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